Historically from Scandinavia, eastern Europe, Russia, Mongolia, China, Canada, Alaska, USA, Greenland and Ireland. Today, wild reindeer are still found in Norway, Siberia, Greenland, Alaska and Canada.
Male (Stag, Buck) / Female (Doe, Hind)
79-200 kg. Males are heavier than Females.
85 to 150 cm at the shoulder
10 years in the wild, longer in captivity
Some species are already extinct. Reindeer is in global decline
Reindeer live in large herds and one distinctive feature is the antlers. Males have the largest antlers whilst Females’ are much smaller or non-existent. They can act as a defensive mechanism and visual object in mating.
The number of branches on Reindeers’ antlers relate to their age. Like many other animals and plants, they have the ability to shed these and their coats. However, new ones are regenerated during the summer.
Reindeer are large deer adapted to Arctic conditions and so many Arctic and Subarctic people depend on the Reindeer for their way of life. They are used as a method of transportation and even produce milk.
Reindeer have a specialized nose and hooves. The nose can turn incoming cold air into warm air before entering the lungs and their footpads adapt to the season.
Plants and vegetation is the usual diet of the reindeer. Reindeer Moss is one of their favourite foods, which lies underneath the snow in winter.
Reindeer are the second oldest domesticated animal, following the dog, as they were used for fur, food and to pull sledges by early man.